Artificial Intelligence has become a part of our day-to-day lives. It has an enormous scope for innovation and development.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence is the ability of a machine to perform tasks such as learning, reasoning, perceiving, and solving problems. So, AI can refer to any human-like intelligence that is displayed by a computer, machine, or a robot.
AI can broadly be classified into three levels: Narrow, General, and Strong. A narrow AI involves a machine that can perform a particular task better than a human. General AI can be defined as the point where AI can perform any intellectual task with the same precision as a human. A strong AI will be able to beat humans in various tasks.
Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning
Artificial intelligence can be further classified into subfields. To understand the difference between AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning, consider artificial intelligence as the entire universe of computer technology. This includes everything that even remotely resembles human intelligence.
Machine learning can be defined as a subset of AI that learns from experiences and examples. It is based on the idea that some patterns of data can be identified and used for future predictions. The machine will learn to find such rules on its own. The more data a machine will receive, the more it will reprogram itself to perform a task with greater accuracy.
Deep learning is then a subfield of machine learning. In deep learning, the machine uses different layers to learn from data and teaches itself to perform a task without human involvement. So, deep learning involves a function that can mimic the human brain in how it processes data.
Artificial Intelligence can be found everywhere. Here are some examples where AI technology has been in use.
NLP (Natural Language Processing): NLP allows software to interpret and generate human language. Alexa, Siri, chatbots, and other virtual assistants are some examples of this application.
Speech Recognition: Speech recognition, or Speech to Text, recognizes words and converts them into text. TV voice remotes, computer dictation, voice-enabled texts, GPS, etc., are examples of this application.
Real-time recommendations: Various retails or entertainment sites use networks that can recommend media or purchases based on past activity. Data such as previous activity, spending habits, preferred channels, is analyzed by this application to provide appropriate suggestions.
Cyber Security: Spam and virus detection software uses this technology to learn and detect new types of threats quickly and efficiently. AI allows organizations to detect abnormal behavior in business applications or financial systems, thereby ensuring prompt action.
Ride-share: Services such as Lyft, Uber, and others are using AI to match passengers to drivers. This results in lesser wait time, lesser detours, more accurate ETA, etc.
Household robots: AI-powered vacuums use technology to determine the size of a room, obstacles, and learn the most efficient way to vacuum and clean. Robotic pool cleaners and lawn mowers also use the same type of technology.
AI is helping to reshape the world today. It has various benefits such as automation, smart decision making, better customer experience, better research and data analysis, business continuity, advancement in healthcare, reduction of errors, and better business efficiency. AI is constantly evolving and benefitting us in various aspects of our lives.